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Wildlife-boosting trees and shrubs

Planting native trees and shrubs is an easy way to attract a wealth of associated invertebrates, birds and mammals to your garden or project area for years to come. We offer a range of container-grown species guaranteed to be of UK provenance, which will give a big wildlife boost to any situation. These can be planted any time of year, though regular watering will be required if planted during the summer months. Browse our current promotions to discover some great choices for increasing the wildlife in your area.

Populus nigra subsp. betulifolia

Black-poplar

Black Poplar is one of Britain’s rarest trees and The Forestry Commission lists this tree as being the most endangered native timber tree in Britain. Best suited for large gardens, open spaces and parklands. An imposing tree with glossy green heart-shaped leaves. Thriving in heavy, wet soils with a dislike for chalky soils.

Habitats
Hedgerow/Wood
Provenance
Carmarthenshire/Glamorgan
Full Height
30 Meters
Hedgerow/Wood

If desired, carry out any pruning during the winter months when the tree is dormant.

Black Poplars provide food for many insects including the Hornet and many striking moths. The seeds are eaten by birds.

Please take particular notice of foundations with this species as it has very strong and vigorous roots.

Common Name:
Black-poplar
Scientific Name:
Populus nigra subsp. betulifolia
Rank:
Division:
Family Vernacular:
Family Scientific Name:

Alnus glutinosa

Alder

A fast growing and low maintenance tree that grows well in damp soils. As a single tree, Alder will form a good pyramid shape having a great display of dark green, glossy leaves. In early spring, the Alder produces catkins, followed by hard oval fruit that resemble small unopened pine cones.

Habitats
Hedgerow/Wood
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Full Height
20 metres
Hedgerow/Wood

Alder thrives in wet poor soil and if desired can be pruned during winter or early spring.

Alder is a superb tree for wildlife, supporting numerous species of moth, including the beautiful Pebble Hook-tip and Alder Kitten. In the spring, the early catkins are a good source of pollen for bees and the seeds also support birds such as Redpolls, Siskins and Goldfinch.

2 plants per metre. Please take into account the final size your tree or shrub will grow to and be aware of your surrounding buildings.

Common Name:
Alder
Scientific Name:
Alnus glutinosa
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
birch and allies
Family Scientific Name:
Betulaceae

Cornus sanguinea

Dogwood

Dogwood is a small broad-leaved shrub, usually grown for its shining black berries and striking red stems in the winter, when the leaves have fallen. The creamy white flowers appear in the spring and it is a very hardy shrub that will grow well in moist soils, even when sunlight and water are in short supply.

Habitats
Hedgerow/Wood
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Full Height
10 Meters
Hedgerow/Wood

A light pruning or shaping can be carried out in the autumn or early spring.

An excellent source of food and shelter for small birds and mammals. Dogwood flowers provide food for many species of insect and the berries are eaten by small mammals and birds.

For hedging plant at 2 pots per metre. Please take into account the final size your tree or shrub will grow to and be aware of your surrounding buildings.

Common Name:
Dogwood
Scientific Name:
Cornus sanguinea
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
dogwood family
Family Scientific Name:
Cornaceae

Crataegus monogyna

Hawthorn

Hawthorn is a vigorous, dense thorny shrub that provides excellent security when used as a hedging plant, but more importantly provides an abundance of blossom during May which attracts many invertebrate pollinators.

Habitats
Hedgerow/Wood
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Full Height
20 metres
Hedgerow/Wood

Alder thrives in wet poor soil and if desired can be pruned during winter or early spring.

An excellent source of food and shelter for small birds and mammals. Hawthorn is said to provide food for 150 species of insect. It is also regularly planted as a food plant for Dormice. An abundance of berries is produced in the autumn, which are a favourite of winter thrushes

2 plants per metre. Please take into account the final size your tree or shrub will grow to and be aware of your surrounding buildings.

Common Name:
Hawthorn
Scientific Name:
Crataegus monogyna
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
rose family
Family Scientific Name:
Rosaceae

Fagus sylvatica

Beech

The iconic Beech, is often referred to as the queen of British trees and can live for many hundreds of years. Although deciduous, Beech often holds on to their golden leaves throughout the winter, until the new fresh green leaves appear, heralding the spring. If clipped, it retains its leaves and creates a year-round dense garden screen, as well as helping to reduce wind and noise pollution. If left unclipped, it can reach heights of up to 40m. Beech is also relatively fast growing, increasing about 30-50cm a year. Beech trees grow well in sun or partial shade, enjoying well-drained soils.

Habitats
Hedgerow/Wood
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Hedgerow/Wood

A Beech hedge is low maintenance, trimming once or twice a year. A shaping clip in June is optional and a late August clip will ensure you retain some of the lovely golden foliage through the winter. An overgrown Beech can be clipped into shape in February, during the dormant period, but take care that it is not a particularly cold snap.

Beech trees provide important habitats for many invertebrates, nesting birds and small mammals, and the bark can support a range of mosses and lichens.

3-5 pots per metre. Please take into account the final size your tree or shrub will grow to and be aware of your surrounding buildings.

Common Name:
Beech
Scientific Name:
Fagus sylvatica
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
oaks and allies
Family Scientific Name:
Fagaceae

Ligustrum vulgare

Wild Privet

Wild Privet is a native semi-evergreen shrub, that loses its leaves in frosty conditions. This shrub is often planted to provide cover, is shade tolerant and thrives in poor soils with fairly good drainage. It does not like water logged ground during winter months.

Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Full Height
1-4 Meters
Dry/Calc spp

A light pruning or shaping can be carried out in the autumn or early spring. Note that Wild Privet may drop its leaves when transplanted, but does recover well.

An excellent all-round shrub for wildlife. Pollinators love the heavily scented creamy white flowers in the spring time, whereas birds use this shrub for nesting, whilst enjoying the black berries in the autumn. The caterpillars of the spectacular Privet Hawk-moth feed on the leaves.

2 pots per metre. This shrub can be grown as a mixed hedge species with other plants such as Hawthorn. Please take into account the final size your tree or shrub will grow to and be aware of your surrounding buildings.

Common Name:
Wild Privet
Scientific Name:
Ligustrum vulgare
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
olive and allies
Family Scientific Name:
Oleaceae

Rhamnus cathartica

Purging Buckthorn

Purging Buckthorn is a hardy, deciduous native shrub/small tree. It has dark green leaves that can be trimmed to form a good dense hedgerow. It likes well drained soils, full sun, or shade. Purging Buckthorn will grow well in coastal locations and will tolerate chalky soils, but does not like water logged conditions. The flowers of this shrub are quite insignificant, but still attract are large number of pollinator species. The black berries are striking in the autumn against the yellow colour of the leaves. Purging Buckthorn gained its name from the laxative effect its berries induce when eaten.

Habitats
Hedgerow/Wood
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Full Height
10 Meters
Hedgerow/Wood

A light pruning or shaping can be carried out in the autumn or early spring if desired.

Purging Buckthorn is one of the main foodplants of the Brimstone butterfly. The small flowers provide an excellent food source for pollinators and the dense vegetation provide nesting sites for small birds.

3 pots per metre. Please take into account the final size your tree or shrub will grow to and be aware of your surrounding buildings.

Common Name:
Purging Buckthorn
Scientific Name:
Rhamnus cathartica
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
buckthorn family
Family Scientific Name:
Rhamnacea

Salix repens var. argentea

Creeping Willow

Creeping Willow is a small silvery green shrubby species in the willow family. It grows best in damp soils including wet heathland or in damp dune slacks but will also grow well in neutral soils that are not too dry.

Habitats
Dune
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Dune

A light pruning or shaping can be carried out in the autumn or early spring if desired.

This species supports a number of scarce invertebrates, the catkins in spring attract many pollinators and the fluffy seeds are used by birds as nesting material.

Plant in a suitable habitat at 1-2m intervals.

Common Name:
Creeping Willow
Scientific Name:
Salix repens var. argentea
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
willows and poplars family
Family Scientific Name:
Salicaceae

Cytisus scoparius

Broom

Broom is an erect deciduous, spineless shrub that produces an abundance of golden yellow pea-like flowers. Broom is often grown for the spring flowers which have vanilla-like scent. Broom enjoys sunny, well drained, sandy soils. During the summer, the hairy black seed pods can produce an audible cracking sound as they explode in the sunshine.

Habitats
Heath
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Full Height
2-3 Meters
Heath

A light pruning or shaping can be carried out after the flowers have fallen.

An excellent source of food for pollinator species.

3 pots per metre. This shrub can be grown as a mixed hedge species with other plants such as Hawthorn and Wild Privet, though is not not a very long-lived species. Please take into account the final size your tree or shrub will grow to and be aware of your surrounding buildings.

Common Name:
Broom
Scientific Name:
Cytisus scoparius
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
vetch and pea family
Family Scientific Name:
Fabaceae