Lotus corniculatus

Common Bird's-foot Trefoil
9cm Pots
10 in stock
£3.50

Plugs
4940 in stock
from £0.70

Common Bird's-foot-trefoil is a native perennial growing 5-15 cm in height and flowers from June into September. This is plant has many beneficial attributes that make it a key species for invertebrate conservation in the UK.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Standard Meadow
Soil Moisture
Dry
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
5
Height
5 - 15cm
Flowering
Jun - Sep
Standard Meadow

A frequent and sometime abundant component of grasslands, including drier meadows, limestone grassland, hill pastures and rock ledges; also can be abundant on brownfield sites, roadside verges, coastal cliff-tops and sand dunes where it supports a wide range of localised invertebrates. It is absent from only the most acidic and infertile soils. It can fix Nitrogen and is suitable for light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure. An important food plant for many invertebrates and is an excellent bee plant, the flowers providing an important source of nectar. The flowers are powerfully scented, but are also capable of self-fertilisation. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby.

mites (1), beetles (23), flies (6), true bugs (10), saw flies, wasps and bees (4), moths (80) and thrips (3). However, the genus Lotus as a whole, lists the following: mites (1), beetles (27), flies (6), true bugs (10), moths (80) and thrips (2).
Common Name:
Common Bird's-foot Trefoil
Scientific Name:
Lotus corniculatus
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
vetch and pea family
Family Scientific Name:
Fabaceae

Echium vulgare

Viper's Bugloss
Plugs
3420 in stock
from £0.70

Viper's-bugloss is a native biennial growing 60-120 cm in height, producing a succession of flowers from June well into September. This is a plant adored by bumble-bees which are omnipresent on the production line of blooms produced by each flowering branch.

Longevity
Biennial
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Soil Moisture
Dry
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
5
Height
60 - 120cm
Flowering
Jun - Aug
Dry/Calc spp

A species that produces an incredible abundance of flowers in open grasslands and disturbed habitats on well-drained soils. Its principle habitats include limestone grasslands, quarries, cultivated and brownfield land such as railways, docks and roadsides. Also occurs in coastal districts on cliffs, sand dunes and shingle. The plant is self-fertile and is noted for attracting wildlife. Suitable for light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, preferring well-drained soil and maintains good growth even in nutritionally poor soil and can tolerate maritime exposure.

mites (1), beetles (10), flies (1), true bugs (2) and moths (26). However, the genus Echium as a whole, lists the following: mites (1), beetles (13), flies (10), true bugs (5), ) and moths (3).
Common Name:
Viper's Bugloss
Scientific Name:
Echium vulgare
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
bugloss & gromwell family
Family Scientific Name:
Boraginaceae

Scabiosa columbaria

Small Scabious
9cm Pots
50 in stock
£3.50

Plugs
2788 in stock
from £0.70

Small Scabious is a native perennial growing 10-35 cm in height and flowers from June to September. Plants produce a succession of flowers over this period which attracts a wide diversity and abundance of pollinator species.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Soil Moisture
Dry
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
5
Height
15 - 50cm
Flowering
Jun - Sep
Dry/Calc spp

A perennial herb of calcareous soils including pastures, banks, cliffs, rock outcrops and disused quarries. It grows well in ordinary garden soils producing much bigger plants with an abundance flowers when compared to plants typically encountered in the wild.

mites (1), beetles (1), flies (3), true bugs (4) and moths (9). However, the genus Scabiosa as a whole, lists the following: beetles (2), flies (1), true bugs (4), sawflies, wasps and bees (1) and moths (14).
Common Name:
Small Scabious
Scientific Name:
Scabiosa columbaria
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
scabious and teasel family
Family Scientific Name:
Dipsacaceae

Digitalis purpurea

Foxglove
9cm Pots
200 in stock
£3.50

Plugs
2400 in stock
from £0.70

Foxglove is a native biennial growing to 150 cm in height and produces tall spikes of megenta trumpets during May and June.

Longevity
Biennial
Habitats
Hedgerow/Wood
Soil Moisture
Dry-Damp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Height
150 - 150cm
Flowering
May - Jun

beetles (4), flies (1), true bugs (5) and moths (12).
Common Name:
Foxglove
Scientific Name:
Digitalis purpurea
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
foxglove family
Family Scientific Name:
Plantaginaceae

Succisa pratensis

Devil's-bit Scabious
9cm Pots
250 in stock
£3.50

Plugs
1560 in stock
from £0.70

Devil's-bit Scabious is a native perennial growing 30-60 cm in height and produces spherical composite clusters of purpley-blue flowers from August to October. The flowers attract a wide range of autumn insects and the vegetative parts of the plants host a diverse range of scarce and threatened species, including the Marsh Fritillary butterfly, a European Protected Species for which the UK has a responsibility for safeguarding.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Wet grassland
Soil Moisture
Damp-Wet
Provenance
Glamorgan/Carmarthenshire
Status1
Native
Star Rating
5
Height
30 - 60cm
Flowering
Aug - Oct
Wet grassland

Grows in a wide range of moist to moderately free-draining habitats, generally avoiding water-logged ground and favouring mildly acidic soils. It is a feature of Rhos pastures, but also occurs in woodland rides, stream sides, road verges, graveyards, wet heath, coastal grasslands and mires. The species benefits from moderate to heavy grazing, especially where there is poaching. The species has very poor powers of dispersal and rarely colonises reseeded pastures.

beetles (4), flies (4), true bugs (2), sawflies, wasps and bees (1) moths (12). Of the 23 species of insect list whose larvae feed on Devil's-bit Scabious (NB additional species have been recorded by the author), several are nationally imporatnce. Moths and butterflies are the most significant group, with the Marsh Fritillary Eurodryas aurinia being the most well known species linked with the foodplant; the UK populations are an important element of this European Protected Species. The abundance of flowers produced in late summer and autumn attract an even wider range of pollinators and stands can support substantial invertebrate communities, with hoverflies being one of the more conspicuous groups, both in terms of numbers and diversity.
Common Name:
Devil's-bit Scabious
Scientific Name:
Succisa pratensis
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
scabious and teasel family
Family Scientific Name:
Dipsacaceae

Fagus sylvatica

Beech
2 Litre Pots
700 in stock
£6.95

3L Pots 40-60cm
100 in stock
£8.99

3L Pots 90-120cm
100 in stock
£10.99

The iconic Beech, is often referred to as the queen of British trees and can live for many hundreds of years. Although deciduous, Beech often holds on to their golden leaves throughout the winter, until the new fresh green leaves appear, heralding the spring. If clipped, it retains its leaves and creates a year-round dense garden screen, as well as helping to reduce wind and noise pollution. If left unclipped, it can reach heights of up to 40m. Beech is also relatively fast growing, increasing about 30-50cm a year. Beech trees grow well in sun or partial shade, enjoying well-drained soils.

Habitats
Hedgerow/Wood
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Hedgerow/Wood

A Beech hedge is low maintenance, trimming once or twice a year. A shaping clip in June is optional and a late August clip will ensure you retain some of the lovely golden foliage through the winter. An overgrown Beech can be clipped into shape in February, during the dormant period, but take care that it is not a particularly cold snap.

Beech trees provide important habitats for many invertebrates, nesting birds and small mammals, and the bark can support a range of mosses and lichens.

3-5 pots per metre. Please take into account the final size your tree or shrub will grow to and be aware of your surrounding buildings.

Common Name:
Beech
Scientific Name:
Fagus sylvatica
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
oaks and allies
Family Scientific Name:
Fagaceae

Cornus sanguinea

Dogwood
2 Litre Pots
850 in stock
£8.99

Dogwood is a small broad-leaved shrub, usually grown for its shining black berries and striking red stems in the winter, when the leaves have fallen. The creamy white flowers appear in the spring and it is a very hardy shrub that will grow well in moist soils, even when sunlight and water are in short supply.

Habitats
Hedgerow/Wood
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Full Height
10 Meters
Hedgerow/Wood

A light pruning or shaping can be carried out in the autumn or early spring.

An excellent source of food and shelter for small birds and mammals. Dogwood flowers provide food for many species of insect and the berries are eaten by small mammals and birds.

For hedging plant at 2 pots per metre. Please take into account the final size your tree or shrub will grow to and be aware of your surrounding buildings.

Common Name:
Dogwood
Scientific Name:
Cornus sanguinea
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
dogwood family
Family Scientific Name:
Cornaceae

Cytisus scoparius

Broom
2 Litre Pots
550 in stock
£8.99

Broom is an erect deciduous, spineless shrub that produces an abundance of golden yellow pea-like flowers. Broom is often grown for the spring flowers which have vanilla-like scent. Broom enjoys sunny, well drained, sandy soils. During the summer, the hairy black seed pods can produce an audible cracking sound as they explode in the sunshine.

Habitats
Heath
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Full Height
2-3 Meters
Heath

A light pruning or shaping can be carried out after the flowers have fallen.

An excellent source of food for pollinator species.

3 pots per metre. This shrub can be grown as a mixed hedge species with other plants such as Hawthorn and Wild Privet, though is not not a very long-lived species. Please take into account the final size your tree or shrub will grow to and be aware of your surrounding buildings.

Common Name:
Broom
Scientific Name:
Cytisus scoparius
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
vetch and pea family
Family Scientific Name:
Fabaceae

Lotus pedunculatus

Greater Bird's-foot Trefoil
9cm Pots
10 in stock
£3.50

Plugs
540 in stock
from £0.90

Greater Bird's-foot Trefoil is a native sprawling perennial growing 20-50 cm in height and produces an abundance of yellow flowers between June and August.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Wet grassland
Soil Moisture
Damp-Wet
Status1
Native
Star Rating
5
Height
5 - 15cm
Flowering
Jun - Aug

beetles (7), flies (4), true bugs (5), moths (17). However, the genus Lotus as a whole, lists the following: mites (1), beetles (27), flies (6), true bugs (10), moths (80) and thrips (2).
Common Name:
Greater Bird's-foot Trefoil
Scientific Name:
Lotus pedunculatus
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
vetch and pea family
Family Scientific Name:
Fabaceae

Jasione montana

Sheep's-bit
9cm Pots
40 in stock
£3.50

Plugs
350 in stock
from £0.90

Sheep's-bit is a native perennial which grows 10-20 cm in height and flowers between May and August. The species rarely achieves a high level of abundance but the blue flowers add an especially appealing colour to the habitats where it grows as well as providing an important nectar source for foraging invertebrates.

Longevity
Biennial
Habitats
Specialist
Soil Moisture
Dry-Moist
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Height
10 - 20cm
Flowering
May - Aug
Common Name:
Sheep's-bit
Scientific Name:
Jasione montana
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
bellflower family
Family Scientific Name:
Campanulaceae

Alnus glutinosa

Alder
2 Litre Pots
350 in stock
£6.95

A fast growing and low maintenance tree that grows well in damp soils. As a single tree, Alder will form a good pyramid shape having a great display of dark green, glossy leaves. In early spring, the Alder produces catkins, followed by hard oval fruit that resemble small unopened pine cones.

Habitats
Hedgerow/Wood
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Full Height
20 metres
Hedgerow/Wood

Alder thrives in wet poor soil and if desired can be pruned during winter or early spring.

Alder is a superb tree for wildlife, supporting numerous species of moth, including the beautiful Pebble Hook-tip and Alder Kitten. In the spring, the early catkins are a good source of pollen for bees and the seeds also support birds such as Redpolls, Siskins and Goldfinch.

2 plants per metre. Please take into account the final size your tree or shrub will grow to and be aware of your surrounding buildings.

Common Name:
Alder
Scientific Name:
Alnus glutinosa
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
birch and allies
Family Scientific Name:
Betulaceae

Silene flos-cuculi

Ragged Robin
9cm Pots
40 in stock
£3.50

Plugs
280 in stock
from £0.70

Ragged-Robin is a native perennial growing 30-60 cm in height and the main flowering period is during May and June. The delicate-looking flowers produced are important for wide range of pollinator species and together with the plants foliage, host a good number of invertebrate herbivores.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Wet grassland
Soil Moisture
Damp-Wet
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Height
30 - 60cm
Flowering
May - Jun
Wet grassland

A herb of wet grassland, rush-pasture, fen-meadow, ditches, stream banks, pond margins and damp woodland edges. It grows on light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils in a range of pH conditions. Ragged-Robin is tolerant of semi-shade but prefers open ground and thrives in moist or wet soils where it is easy to grow. Tolerant of sea spray in exposed coatal locations.

beetles (1), flies (5) and moths (12). However, the genus Silene as a whole, lists the following: beetles (2), flies (9), true bugs (6) moths (17) and thrips (1).
Common Name:
Ragged Robin
Scientific Name:
Silene flos-cuculi
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
campion & stichwort family
Family Scientific Name:
Caryophyllaceae

Ligustrum vulgare

Wild Privet
5 Litre Pots
300 in stock
£15.00

Wild Privet is a native semi-evergreen shrub, that loses its leaves in frosty conditions. This shrub is often planted to provide cover, is shade tolerant and thrives in poor soils with fairly good drainage. It does not like water logged ground during winter months.

Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Full Height
1-4 Meters
Dry/Calc spp

A light pruning or shaping can be carried out in the autumn or early spring. Note that Wild Privet may drop its leaves when transplanted, but does recover well.

An excellent all-round shrub for wildlife. Pollinators love the heavily scented creamy white flowers in the spring time, whereas birds use this shrub for nesting, whilst enjoying the black berries in the autumn. The caterpillars of the spectacular Privet Hawk-moth feed on the leaves.

2 pots per metre. This shrub can be grown as a mixed hedge species with other plants such as Hawthorn. Please take into account the final size your tree or shrub will grow to and be aware of your surrounding buildings.

Common Name:
Wild Privet
Scientific Name:
Ligustrum vulgare
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
olive and allies
Family Scientific Name:
Oleaceae

Geranium pratense

Meadow Crane's-bill
9cm Pots
100 in stock
£3.50

Plugs
100 in stock
from £0.90

Meadow Crane's-bill is a native perennial herb which grows 30-60 cm in height and flowers from June to September. This large-flowered Geranium provides colour and structural diversity to boundary habitats and meadows in addition to contributing to the pollinator resource.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Standard Meadow
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
30 - 60cm
Flowering
Jun - Sep
Common Name:
Meadow Crane's-bill
Scientific Name:
Geranium pratense
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
geranium family
Family Scientific Name:
Geraniaceae

Brassica oleracea

Wild Cabbage
9cm Pots
40 in stock
£3.50

Plugs
150 in stock
from £0.90

Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Wild Cabbage
Scientific Name:
Brassica oleracea
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
cabbage family
Family Scientific Name:
Brassicaceae

Populus nigra subsp. betulifolia

Black-poplar
2 Litre Pots
16 in stock
£8.99

5 Litre Pots
100 in stock
£11.99

Black Poplar is one of Britain’s rarest trees and The Forestry Commission lists this tree as being the most endangered native timber tree in Britain. Best suited for large gardens, open spaces and parklands. An imposing tree with glossy green heart-shaped leaves. Thriving in heavy, wet soils with a dislike for chalky soils.

Habitats
Hedgerow/Wood
Provenance
Carmarthenshire/Glamorgan
Full Height
30 Meters
Hedgerow/Wood

If desired, carry out any pruning during the winter months when the tree is dormant.

Black Poplars provide food for many insects including the Hornet and many striking moths. The seeds are eaten by birds.

Please take particular notice of foundations with this species as it has very strong and vigorous roots.

Common Name:
Black-poplar
Scientific Name:
Populus nigra subsp. betulifolia
Rank:
Division:
Family Vernacular:
Family Scientific Name:

Rhianthus minor

Yellow Rattle
2g Packet
Collection Only
Free Delivery
20 in stock
£3.95

5g Packet
Collection Only
Free Delivery
20 in stock
£5.99

10g Packet
Collection Only
Free Delivery
20 in stock
£8.95

20g Packet
Collection Only
Free Delivery
20 in stock
£13.95

50g Packet
Collection Only
Free Delivery
20 in stock
£22.95

Yellow-rattle is widely used to help create wildflower grasslands, as it is a hemi-parasite of grasses, weakening them and enabling other wildflowers to compete and flourish. The name originates from the bright yellow tubular flowers and the rattling seed pods. It is an annual best sown in the autumn or winter periods at a rate of ½g per sqm.

Habitats
Standard Meadow
Common Name:
Yellow Rattle
Scientific Name:
Rhianthus minor
Rank:
Division:
Family Vernacular:
Family Scientific Name:

Native Wildflower Seed Mix

Bees & Butterflies
2g Packet
Collection Only
Free Delivery
20 in stock
£4.98

5g Packet
Collection Only
Free Delivery
20 in stock
£7.98

10g Packet
Collection Only
Free Delivery
20 in stock
£10.98

Selected to maximise wildlife benefits for pollinators such as butterflies, bees and a wide range of other beneficial insects. All our seeds are sourced within Britain and are grown peat free and herbicide free.

Habitats

Sow Spring or Autumn

Common Name:
Bees & Butterflies
Scientific Name:
Native Wildflower Seed Mix
Rank:
Division:
Family Vernacular:
Family Scientific Name:

Crataegus monogyna

Hawthorn
2 Litre Pots
60 in stock
£8.00

Hawthorn is a vigorous, dense thorny shrub that provides excellent security when used as a hedging plant, but more importantly provides an abundance of blossom during May which attracts many invertebrate pollinators.

Habitats
Hedgerow/Wood
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Full Height
20 metres
Hedgerow/Wood

Alder thrives in wet poor soil and if desired can be pruned during winter or early spring.

An excellent source of food and shelter for small birds and mammals. Hawthorn is said to provide food for 150 species of insect. It is also regularly planted as a food plant for Dormice. An abundance of berries is produced in the autumn, which are a favourite of winter thrushes

2 plants per metre. Please take into account the final size your tree or shrub will grow to and be aware of your surrounding buildings.

Common Name:
Hawthorn
Scientific Name:
Crataegus monogyna
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
rose family
Family Scientific Name:
Rosaceae

Dipsacus fullonum

Wild Teasel
Plugs
50 in stock
£1.00

Wild Teasel is a native perennial growing 100-150 cm in height and produces its unique flower heads during July and August. This is a great plant for pollinators as the nectar rich flowers are accessible to wide suite of species. It is also the host for several dependant invertebrates and the abundant seed it produces is loved by Goldfinches.

Longevity
Biennial
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Soil Moisture
All
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Height
100 - 150cm
Flowering
Jul - Aug
Common Name:
Wild Teasel
Scientific Name:
Dipsacus fullonum
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
scabious and teasel family
Family Scientific Name:
Dipsacaceae

Agrimonia eupatoria

Agrimony

Agrimony is a native perennial growing 30-80 cm in height and produces spikes of yellow flowers between June and August. It favours basic to neutral soils and is typically encountered on grassy hedgebanks, lightly grazed pastures, woodland edge and occasionally on brownfield sites. Emmet (1988) lists five species of associated micro-moth including the Brassy Pigmy Stigmella aeneofasciella and Rosy Tabby Endotricha flammealis.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
30 - 80cm
Flowering
Jun - Aug
Dry/Calc spp

Grows best in basic and neutral soils, natural habitats include, sand dunes, hedge banks and other boundaries, open grassland, verges and railway banks.

Common Name:
Agrimony
Scientific Name:
Agrimonia eupatoria
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
rose family
Family Scientific Name:
Rosaceae

Frangula alnus

Alder Buckthorn
Habitats
Hedgerow/Wood
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Common Name:
Alder Buckthorn
Scientific Name:
Frangula alnus
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
buckthorn family
Family Scientific Name:
Rhamnaceae

Betonica officinalis

Betony

Betony is a native perennial growing 10-60 cm in height and produces an abundance of reddish-purple flowers from June into September. The flowers are super-attractive to a wide range of pollinator species, especially bumblebees.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Standard Meadow
Soil Moisture
Dry
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Height
10 - 60cm
Flowering
Jun - Sep
Standard Meadow

Hedge banks, unimproved grassland, heaths, open woods, graveyards, woodland rides, lane banks and cliff-top grassland all support populations of this plant, which is highly sought after by pollinators. Grows in light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. It can grow in semi-shade, but prefers open swards in full sun. A good indicator of healthy habitats.

mites (1), beetles (1), true bugs (1), sawflies wasps and bees (1) and moths (5).
Common Name:
Betony
Scientific Name:
Betonica officinalis
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
mint and dead-nettle family
Family Scientific Name:
Lamiaceae

Ornithopus perpusillus

Bird's-foot
Habitats
Specialist
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Bird's-foot
Scientific Name:
Ornithopus perpusillus
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
vetch and pea family
Family Scientific Name:
Fabaceae

Geranium sanguineum

Bloody Crane's-bill

Bloody Crane's-bill is a native perennial herb which grows 10-30 cm in height and flowers from May to August. The intense colour of this large-flowered Geranium attracts a wide range of insect pollinators.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Soil Moisture
Dry-Moist
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Height
10 - 30cm
Flowering
May - Aug
Common Name:
Bloody Crane's-bill
Scientific Name:
Geranium sanguineum
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
geranium family
Family Scientific Name:
Geraniaceae

Erigeron acris

Blue Fleabane

Blue Fleabane is a native perennial growing 10-20 cm in height and produces subdued purpley-blue flowers during July and August.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
10 - 20cm
Flowering
Jul - Aug
Common Name:
Blue Fleabane
Scientific Name:
Erigeron acris
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
aster and thistle family
Family Scientific Name:
Asteraceae

Menyanthes trifoliata

Bogbean

Bogbean is a native perennial growing 10-20 cm in height and produces attractive white flowerspikes during May and July

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Bog
Soil Moisture
Wet-Pond
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
10 - 20cm
Flowering
May - Jul
Common Name:
Bogbean
Scientific Name:
Menyanthes trifoliata
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
bogbean family
Family Scientific Name:
Menyanthaceae

Rosa spinosissima

Burnet-rose
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Burnet-rose
Scientific Name:
Rosa spinosissima
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
rose family
Family Scientific Name:
Rosaceae

Chamaemelum nobile

Chamomile

Chamomile is a native perennial which grows 5-25 cm in height and produces carpets of flowers during June and July. Its aromatic leaves are generally avoided by grazing animals, which enables the species to flourish in open pastures with nutrient poor soils. It has suffered significant declines in modern times, for example in Gower is currently restricted to just two populations on common land.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Wet grassland
Soil Moisture
All
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
5 - 25cm
Flowering
Jun - Jul
Common Name:
Chamomile
Scientific Name:
Chamaemelum nobile
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
aster and thistle family
Family Scientific Name:
Asteraceae

Trifolium glomeratum

Clustered Clover
Habitats
Specialist
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Clustered Clover
Scientific Name:
Trifolium glomeratum
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
vetch and pea family
Family Scientific Name:
Fabaceae

Eriophorum angustifolium

Common Cotton-grass

Common Cottongrass is a native perennial growing 30-75 cm in height and produces brown flowers during May and June, shortly followed by the white cotton tufted seed-heads.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Bog
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
30 - 75cm
Flowering
May - Jun
Common Name:
Common Cotton-grass
Scientific Name:
Eriophorum angustifolium
Rank:
Monocots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
sedges and allies
Family Scientific Name:
Cyperaceae

Pulicaria dysenterica

Common Fleabane

Common Fleabane is a native perennial growing 20-50 cm in height and produces an abundance of yellow daisy-like flowers during August and September.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Wet grassland
Soil Moisture
Damp-Wet
Provenance
Carmarthenshire
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Height
20 - 50cm
Flowering
Aug - Sep
Common Name:
Common Fleabane
Scientific Name:
Pulicaria dysenterica
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
aster and thistle family
Family Scientific Name:
Asteraceae

Ononis repens

Common Restharrow
9cm Pots
100 in stock
£3.50

Common Restharrow is a native perennial growing 10-20 cm in height and produces a carpet of pale purple/white flowers between July and September.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Soil Moisture
Dry
Provenance
Glamorgan/Carmarthenshire
Status1
Native
Star Rating
5
Height
10 - 20cm
Flowering
Jul - Sep

mites (1), beetles (5), flies (4), true bugs (11), moths (19). However, the genus Ononis as a whole, lists the following: mites (1), beetles (11), flies (4), true bugs (12), sawflies, wasps and bees (1), moths (19) and thrips (2).
Common Name:
Common Restharrow
Scientific Name:
Ononis repens
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
vetch and pea family
Family Scientific Name:
Fabaceae

Helianthemum nummularium

Common Rock-rose
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Common Rock-rose
Scientific Name:
Helianthemum nummularium
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
rock-roses and allies
Family Scientific Name:
Cistaceae

Erodium cicutarium

Common Stork's-bill
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Common Stork's-bill
Scientific Name:
Erodium cicutarium
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
geranium family
Family Scientific Name:
Geraniaceae

Linaria vulgaris

Common Toadflax
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Common Toadflax
Scientific Name:
Linaria vulgaris
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
foxglove family
Family Scientific Name:
Plantaginaceae

Vicia sativa subsp. segetalis

Common Vetch
Habitats
Standard Meadow
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Archeophyte
Star Rating
3
Common Name:
Common Vetch
Scientific Name:
Vicia sativa subsp. segetalis
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
vetch and pea family
Family Scientific Name:
Fabaceae

Malus sylvestris

Crab Apple
Habitats
Hedgerow/Wood
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Crab Apple
Scientific Name:
Malus sylvestris
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
rose family
Family Scientific Name:
Rosaceae

Salix repens var. argentea

Creeping Willow
2 Litre Pots
150 in stock
£10.99

Creeping Willow is a small silvery green shrubby species in the willow family. It grows best in damp soils including wet heathland or in damp dune slacks but will also grow well in neutral soils that are not too dry.

Habitats
Dune
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Dune

A light pruning or shaping can be carried out in the autumn or early spring if desired.

This species supports a number of scarce invertebrates, the catkins in spring attract many pollinators and the fluffy seeds are used by birds as nesting material.

Plant in a suitable habitat at 1-2m intervals.

Common Name:
Creeping Willow
Scientific Name:
Salix repens var. argentea
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
willows and poplars family
Family Scientific Name:
Salicaceae

Erica tetralix

Cross-leaved Heath
Habitats
Bog
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Common Name:
Cross-leaved Heath
Scientific Name:
Erica tetralix
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
heath family
Family Scientific Name:
Ericaceae

Trichophorum germanicum

Deergrass
Habitats
Wet grassland
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Deergrass
Scientific Name:
Trichophorum germanicum
Rank:
Monocots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
sedges and allies
Family Scientific Name:
Cyperaceae

Dianthus armeria

Deptford Pink

Deptford Pink is a native short-lived perennial growing 20-30 cm in height and produces intesnely pink flowers during July and August.

Longevity
S.L Perennial
Habitats
Specialist
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
30 - 30cm
Flowering
Jul - Aug
Common Name:
Deptford Pink
Scientific Name:
Dianthus armeria
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
campion & stichwort family
Family Scientific Name:
Caryophyllaceae

Genista tinctoria

Dyer's Greenweed

Dyer's Greenweed is a native perennial herb which grows 20-30 cm in height and flowers between July and September. Although still widespread, it has declined considerably since the 1940s through the loss of old pastures and is now a scarce species in many counties.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Wet grassland
Soil Moisture
Damp-Wet
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Height
20 - 30cm
Flowering
Jul - Sep
Common Name:
Dyer's Greenweed
Scientific Name:
Genista tinctoria
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
vetch and pea family
Family Scientific Name:
Fabaceae

Sedum anglicum

English Stonecrop
9cm Pots
50 in stock
£3.50

Habitats
Specialist
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
English Stonecrop
Scientific Name:
Sedum anglicum
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
stonecrop family
Family Scientific Name:
Crassulaceae

Inula crithmoides

Golden-samphire

Golden-samphire is a native perennial growing 30-50 cm in height and produces panicles of yellow flowers during July and August.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Specialist
Soil Moisture
Maritime
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Height
30 - 50cm
Flowering
Jul - Aug
Common Name:
Golden-samphire
Scientific Name:
Inula crithmoides
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
aster and thistle family
Family Scientific Name:
Asteraceae

Solidago virgaurea

Goldenrod

Goldenrod is a native perennial growing 30-60 cm in height and produces spikes of yellow flowers during August and September.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Hedgerow/Wood
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Height
30 - 60cm
Flowering
Aug - Sep
Common Name:
Goldenrod
Scientific Name:
Solidago virgaurea
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
aster and thistle family
Family Scientific Name:
Asteraceae

Verbascum thapsus

Great Mullein
9cm Pots
100 in stock
£3.50

Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Great Mullein
Scientific Name:
Verbascum thapsus
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
figwort family
Family Scientific Name:
Scrophulariaceae

Centaurea scabiosa

Greater Knapweed
9cm Pots
150 in stock
£3.50

Greater Knapweed is a native perennial growing 30-60 cm in height and produces purple flowers between July and September.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Height
30 - 60cm
Flowering
Jul - Sep
Common Name:
Greater Knapweed
Scientific Name:
Centaurea scabiosa
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
aster and thistle family
Family Scientific Name:
Asteraceae

Galium saxatile

Heath Bedstraw

Heath Bedstraw is a native perennial growing 5-20 cm in height and produces an abundance of small white flowers between June and August.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Heath
Soil Moisture
Dry-Damp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Height
5 - 20cm
Flowering
Jun - Aug

mites (3), beetles (1), true bugs (5), moths (16) and thrips (1). However, the genus Galium as a whole, lists the following: mites (3), beetles (8), flies (2), true bugs (9), moths (37) and thrips (1).
Common Name:
Heath Bedstraw
Scientific Name:
Galium saxatile
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
bedstraw family
Family Scientific Name:
Rubiaceae

Galium album

Hedge Bedstraw
Habitats
Heath
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Hedge Bedstraw
Scientific Name:
Galium album
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
bedstraw family
Family Scientific Name:
Rubiaceae

Eupatorium cannabinum

Hemp Agrimony
9cm Pots
200 in stock
£3.50

Hemp Agrimony is a native perennial growing 60-120 cm in height and produces umbels of pink-tinged flowers between July and September.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Wet grassland
Soil Moisture
All
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Height
60 - 120cm
Flowering
Jul - Sep
Common Name:
Hemp Agrimony
Scientific Name:
Eupatorium cannabinum
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
aster and thistle family
Family Scientific Name:
Asteraceae

Verbascum pulverulentum

Hoary Mullein

Hoary Mullein is a native archaeophyte (i.e. an 'ancient' introduction established in GB before AD 1500) growing 100-200 cm in height and produces giant spikes of yellow flowers between July and September.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Height
100 - 200cm
Flowering
Jul - Sep
Common Name:
Hoary Mullein
Scientific Name:
Verbascum pulverulentum
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
figwort family
Family Scientific Name:
Scrophulariaceae

Lonicera periclymenum

Honeysuckle

Honeysuckle is a native perennial climber and produces its unique pink/yellow/ivory flowers between June and September.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Hedgerow/Wood
Soil Moisture
All
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Height
50 - 200cm
Flowering
Jun - Sep
Common Name:
Honeysuckle
Scientific Name:
Lonicera periclymenum
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
honeysuckle family
Family Scientific Name:
Caprifoliaceae

Humulus lupulus

Hop

Hop is a native scrambling, perennial climber, female plants producing distinctively fragranced pendant flowers or 'hops' during the autumn period.

Habitats
Hedgerow/Wood
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Common Name:
Hop
Scientific Name:
Humulus lupulus
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
hop family
Family Scientific Name:
Cannabaceae

Cynoglossum officinale

Hound's-tongue

Hound's-tongue is a native perennial that grows around 30-40 cm in height and produces a succession of flowers between June and August. This is a localised plant in Wales and supports a small but distinctive assemblage of associated invertebrates.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Soil Moisture
Dry-Moist
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
30 - 40cm
Flowering
Jun - Aug
Common Name:
Hound's-tongue
Scientific Name:
Cynoglossum officinale
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
bugloss & gromwell family
Family Scientific Name:
Boraginaceae

Anthyllis vulneraria

Kidney Vetch
9cm Pots
10 in stock
£3.50

Kidney Vetch is a native perennial growing 8-15 cm in height and produces an abundance of yellow flowers between May and July. It attracts large numbers of bumblebees and is the larval foodplant of the Small Blue butterfly.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Soil Moisture
Dry
Provenance
Glamorgan/Carmarthenshire
Status1
Native
Star Rating
5
Height
8 - 15cm
Flowering
May - Jul
Dry/Calc spp

Sand-dunes, limestone grassland and open turf on S.-facing slopes are the typical locations for this prolific spring flower. It can fix Nitrogen and is suitable for light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. It cannot tolerate shade, prefers dry soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure. The flowers are a rich food source for bees, butterflies and and a range of other invertebrate groups. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby.

beetles (8), flies (2), true bugs (4), moths (19) and thrips (2).
Common Name:
Kidney Vetch
Scientific Name:
Anthyllis vulneraria
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
vetch and pea family
Family Scientific Name:
Fabaceae

Galium verum

Lady's-bedstraw
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Lady's-bedstraw
Scientific Name:
Galium verum
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
bedstraw family
Family Scientific Name:
Rubiaceae

Oenothera glazioviana

Large-flowered Evening-primrose
9cm Pots
140 in stock
£3.50

Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Neophyte
Common Name:
Large-flowered Evening-primrose
Scientific Name:
Oenothera glazioviana
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
willowherbs & allies
Family Scientific Name:
Onagraceae

Clinopodium calamintha

Lesser Calamint

Lesser Calamint is a native perennial growing 30-80 cm in height and produces pungent pale blue-pink flowers between July and September.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Soil Moisture
Dry-Moist
Provenance
East Kent
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
30 - 80cm
Flowering
Jul - Sep
Common Name:
Lesser Calamint
Scientific Name:
Clinopodium calamintha
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
mint and dead-nettle family
Family Scientific Name:
Lamiaceae

Baldellia ranunculoides

Lesser Water-plantain
Habitats
Water
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Lesser Water-plantain
Scientific Name:
Baldellia ranunculoides
Rank:
Monocots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
water-plantain family
Family Scientific Name:
Alismataceae

Pedicularis sylvatica

Lousewort

Lousewort is a native perennial growing 5-15 cm in height and flowers from April into September. The flowers provide important an food source for a wealth of species, some of which are of great ecological importance as well as rarity.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Heath
Soil Moisture
Damp-Wet
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Height
5 - 15cm
Flowering
Apr - Sep

mites (1), flies (1) and moths (2). However, the genus Pedicularis as a whole, lists the following: mites (1), beetles (2), flies (1), tue bugs (1) and moths (4).
Common Name:
Lousewort
Scientific Name:
Pedicularis sylvatica
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
figwort family
Family Scientific Name:
Orobanchaceae

Althaea officinalis

Marsh Mallow
9cm Pots
80 in stock
£3.50

Marsh Mallow is a native perennial growing 40-90 cm in height and produces pale pink flowers during August and September.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Wet grassland
Soil Moisture
Maritime
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
40 - 90cm
Flowering
Aug - Sep
Common Name:
Marsh Mallow
Scientific Name:
Althaea officinalis
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
mallow family
Family Scientific Name:
Malvaceae

Stachys palustris

Marsh Woundwort

Marsh Woundwort is a native perennial growing 20-30 cm in height and produces spikes of purple flowers between July and September.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Wet grassland
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Height
20 - 50cm
Flowering
Jul - Sep
Common Name:
Marsh Woundwort
Scientific Name:
Stachys palustris
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
mint and dead-nettle family
Family Scientific Name:
Lamiaceae

Caltha palustris

Marsh-marigold
Habitats
Water
Provenance
Carmarthenshire
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Marsh-marigold
Scientific Name:
Caltha palustris
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
buttercup family
Family Scientific Name:
Ranunculaceae

Cirsium dissectum

Meadow Thistle

Meadow Thistle is a native perennial which in time can form extensive colonies. During June and July colonies produce solitary flowers on woolly stalks that are 40-60 cm in height. Whilst the blooms aren't always abundant, they are nevertheless an important nectar source for some of our rarer species associated with marshy grasslands, such as the Marsh Fritillary buttefly.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Wet grassland
Soil Moisture
Damp-Wet
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
5
Height
40 - 60cm
Flowering
Jun - Jul
Wet grassland

A rather uncommon perennial herb of fens, fen-meadows, flood-pastures, bog margins and poorly-drained meadows on acid to neutral, usually peaty, soils. Habitat loss, agricultural improvements, drainage and shading from encroaching scrub have resulted in regional declines, exacerbated by the fact that it rarely sets good seed. Where colonies occur at sites where the Marsh Fritillary is present it is an imporatnt nectar source for this European Protected Species of butterfly

beetles (1), flies (5) and moths (1). However, the genus Cirsium as a whole, lists the following: beetles (35), flies (21), bugs (14), moths (34) and thrips (3).
Common Name:
Meadow Thistle
Scientific Name:
Cirsium dissectum
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
aster and thistle family
Family Scientific Name:
Asteraceae

Carduus nutans

Musk Thistle

Musk Thistle is a native biennial which grows 40-80 cm in height and produces attractive nodding heads between May and August. A wide range of pollinator species are attracted to the large heavily scented flowers.

Longevity
Biennial
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Height
40 - 80cm
Flowering
May - Aug

beetles (12), flies (12), true bugs (5), moths (6) and thrips (1). However, the genus Carduus as a whole, lists the following: beetles (25), flies (12), true bugs (11), moths (20) and thrips (1).
Common Name:
Musk Thistle
Scientific Name:
Carduus nutans
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
aster and thistle family
Family Scientific Name:
Asteraceae

Lathyrus sylvestris

Narrow-leaved Everlasting-pea
9cm Pots
140 in stock
£3.50

Narrow-leaved Everlasting-pea is a native perennial growing 30-100 cm in height and produces racemes of pink flowers between June and August.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Height
30 - 100cm
Flowering
Jun - Aug

flies (5) and moths (4). However, the genus Lathyrus as a whole, lists the following: beetles (15), flies (5), true bugs (3), sawflies, wasps and bees (1), moths (7) and thrips (3).
Common Name:
Narrow-leaved Everlasting-pea
Scientific Name:
Lathyrus sylvestris
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
vetch and pea family
Family Scientific Name:
Fabaceae

Linum bienne

Pale Flax
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan/Carmarthenshire
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Pale Flax
Scientific Name:
Linum bienne
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
foxglove family
Family Scientific Name:
Plantaginaceae

Euphorbia portlandica

Portland Spurge
Habitats
Specialist
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Portland Spurge
Scientific Name:
Euphorbia portlandica
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
spurge family
Family Scientific Name:
Euphorbiaceae

Rhamnus cathartica

Purging Buckthorn
2 Litre Pots
400 in stock
£8.99

Purging Buckthorn is a hardy, deciduous native shrub/small tree. It has dark green leaves that can be trimmed to form a good dense hedgerow. It likes well drained soils, full sun, or shade. Purging Buckthorn will grow well in coastal locations and will tolerate chalky soils, but does not like water logged conditions. The flowers of this shrub are quite insignificant, but still attract are large number of pollinator species. The black berries are striking in the autumn against the yellow colour of the leaves. Purging Buckthorn gained its name from the laxative effect its berries induce when eaten.

Habitats
Hedgerow/Wood
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Full Height
10 Meters
Hedgerow/Wood

A light pruning or shaping can be carried out in the autumn or early spring if desired.

Purging Buckthorn is one of the main foodplants of the Brimstone butterfly. The small flowers provide an excellent food source for pollinators and the dense vegetation provide nesting sites for small birds.

3 pots per metre. Please take into account the final size your tree or shrub will grow to and be aware of your surrounding buildings.

Common Name:
Purging Buckthorn
Scientific Name:
Rhamnus cathartica
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
buckthorn family
Family Scientific Name:
Rhamnacea

Lithospermum purpureocaeruleum

Purple Gromwell

Purple Gromwell is a native perennial growing 10-40 cm in height and produces intensely bluey-purple flowers during May and June.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Specialist
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
10 - 40cm
Flowering
May - Jun

beetles (2) and flies (1). However, the genus Lithospermum as a whole, lists the following: beetles (6), true bugs (1) and moths (1).
Common Name:
Purple Gromwell
Scientific Name:
Lithospermum purpureocaeruleum
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
bugloss & gromwell family
Family Scientific Name:
Boraginaceae

Lythrum salicaria

Purple-loosestrife

Purple-loosestrife is a native perennial growing 40-150 cm in height and produces tall, erect spikes of purple flowers between June and August.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Wet grassland
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Height
40 - 150cm
Flowering
Jun - Aug
Common Name:
Purple-loosestrife
Scientific Name:
Lythrum salicaria
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
loosestrifes
Family Scientific Name:
Lythraceae

Silene dioica

Red Campion
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Habitats
Standard Meadow
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Red Campion
Scientific Name:
Silene dioica
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
campion & stichwort family
Family Scientific Name:
Caryophyllaceae

Lamium purpureum

Red Dead-nettle

Red Dead-nettle is an annual archaeophyte (i.e. an 'ancient' introduction established in GB before AD 1500) growing 10-30 cm in height and produces reddish-purple flowers between March and October.

Longevity
Annual
Habitats
Annual
Provenance
Carmarthenshire
Status1
Archaeophyte
Star Rating
3
Height
10 - 30cm
Flowering
Mar - Oct
Common Name:
Red Dead-nettle
Scientific Name:
Lamium purpureum
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
mint and dead-nettle family
Family Scientific Name:
Lamiaceae

Galeopsis angustifolia

Red Hemp-nettle

Red Hemp-nettle is an annual archaeophyte which grows 10-20 cm in height and flower during the period from July and October. It has suffered major losses throughout its UK range and in Wales may now only survive at three sites.

Longevity
Annual
Habitats
Specialist
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Archaeophyte
Star Rating
3
Height
10 - 20cm
Flowering
Jul - Oct

beetles (3). However, the genus Galeopsis as a whole, lists the following: beetles (10), flies (1), true bugs (6) and moths (2).
Common Name:
Red Hemp-nettle
Scientific Name:
Galeopsis angustifolia
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
mint and dead-nettle family
Family Scientific Name:
Lamiaceae

Limonium binoversum

Rock Sea-lavender
Habitats
Specialist
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Rock Sea-lavender
Scientific Name:
Limonium binoversum
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
lavender family
Family Scientific Name:
Plumbaginaceae

Trifolium scabrum

Rough Clover
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Rough Clover
Scientific Name:
Trifolium scabrum
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
vetch and pea family
Family Scientific Name:
Fabaceae

Osmunda regalis

Royal Fern

Royal Fern is a native perennial growing 50-150 cm in height and produces fertile fronds during June and July.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Bog
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
50 - 150cm
Flowering
Jun - Jul
Common Name:
Royal Fern
Scientific Name:
Osmunda regalis
Rank:
Ferns
Division:
Ferns
Family Vernacular:
royal fern family
Family Scientific Name:
Osmundaceae

Serratula tinctoria

Saw-wort

Saw-wort is a native perennial growing 15-30 cm in height and flowers from July to September. Plants are rarely abundant but do produce a succession of flowers over this period which attracts a wide diversity and abundance of pollinator species.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Wet grassland
Soil Moisture
Damp-Wet
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
15 - 30cm
Flowering
Jul - Sep
Common Name:
Saw-wort
Scientific Name:
Serratula tinctoria
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
aster and thistle family
Family Scientific Name:
Asteraceae

Calystegia soldanella

Sea Bindweed
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Sea Bindweed
Scientific Name:
Calystegia soldanella
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
bindweed family
Family Scientific Name:
Convolvulaceae

Honckenya peploides

Sea Sandwort
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Sea Sandwort
Scientific Name:
Honckenya peploides
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
campion & stichwort family
Family Scientific Name:
Caryophyllaceae

Matthiola sinuata

Sea Stock

Sea Stock is a native biennial or short-lived perennial which grows 40-80 cm in height. It flowers between June and August and it's attractively hued flowers host a wide range of pollinators. Most of the UK population of this nationally rare species is located in South Wales, where mature flowering plants demand attention from beachgoers sheltering by the frontal dunes of many beaches.

Longevity
S.L Perennial
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Soil Moisture
Dry-Moist
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
40 - 80cm
Flowering
Jun - Aug
Common Name:
Sea Stock
Scientific Name:
Matthiola sinuata
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
cabbage family
Family Scientific Name:
Brassicaceae

Juncus acutus

Sharp Rush

Sharp Rush is a native perennial growing 100-180 cm in height and produces persistent brown flowers during June.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Dune
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
100 - 180cm
Flowering
Jun - Jun
Common Name:
Sharp Rush
Scientific Name:
Juncus acutus
Rank:
Monocots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
rush family
Family Scientific Name:
Juncaceae

Scandix pecten-veneris

Shepherd's-needle

Shepherd's-needle is an annual archaeophyte (i.e. an 'ancient' introduction established in GB before AD 1500) growing 10-15 cm in height and produces white flowers between April and July.

Longevity
Annual
Habitats
Specialist
Soil Moisture
Dry-Moist
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Archaeophyte
Star Rating
3
Height
10 - 15cm
Flowering
Apr - Jul
Common Name:
Shepherd's-needle
Scientific Name:
Scandix pecten-veneris
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
umbellifer family
Family Scientific Name:
Apiaceae

Malva pseudolavatera

Smaller Tree-mallow
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Smaller Tree-mallow
Scientific Name:
Malva pseudolavatera
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
mallow family
Family Scientific Name:
Malvaceae

Lepidium heterophyllum

Smith's Pepperwort

Smith's Pepperwort is a native perennial growing 10-20 cm in height and produces white flowers between May and August.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Heath
Soil Moisture
Dry-Moist
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
10 - 20cm
Flowering
May - Aug
Common Name:
Smith's Pepperwort
Scientific Name:
Lepidium heterophyllum
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
cabbage family
Family Scientific Name:
Brassicaceae

Achillea ptarmica

Sneezewort

Sneezewort is a native perennial growing 30-100 cm in height and when growing well produces sprays of white flowers during July and August. The flowers produce a pungent scent that is attractive to wide range of pollinator species, especially hoverflies. The specific epithet, 'ptarmica', has Greek origins and refers to causing a sneeze.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Wet grassland
Soil Moisture
Damp-Wet
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
30 - 100cm
Flowering
Jul - Aug
Common Name:
Sneezewort
Scientific Name:
Achillea ptarmica
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
aster and thistle family
Family Scientific Name:
Asteraceae

Polypodium cambricum

Southern Polypody
Habitats
Hedgerow/Wood
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Southern Polypody
Scientific Name:
Polypodium cambricum
Rank:
Ferns
Division:
Ferns
Family Vernacular:
polypody family
Family Scientific Name:
Polypodiaceae

Euonymus europaeus

Spindle
Habitats
Hedgerow/Wood
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Spindle
Scientific Name:
Euonymus europaeus
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
spindle family
Family Scientific Name:
Celastraceae

Minuartia verna

Spring Sandwort
Habitats
Specialist
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Spring Sandwort
Scientific Name:
Minuartia verna
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
campion & stichwort family
Family Scientific Name:
Caryophyllaceae

Iris foetidissima

Stinking Iris
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Stinking Iris
Scientific Name:
Iris foetidissima
Rank:
Monocots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
iris families
Family Scientific Name:
Iridaceae

Armeria maritima

Thrift
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Thrift
Scientific Name:
Armeria maritima
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
lavender family
Family Scientific Name:
Plumbaginaceae

Malva arborea

Tree Mallow

Tree-mallow is a native biennial growing 100-300 cm in height and produces pink-purple flowers between July and September.

Longevity
Biennial
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Soil Moisture
Dry-Moist
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
100 - 300cm
Flowering
Jul - Sep
Common Name:
Tree Mallow
Scientific Name:
Malva arborea
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
mallow family
Family Scientific Name:
Malvaceae

Vicia cracca

Tufted Vetch

Tufted Vetch is a native perennial growing 20-80 cm in height and produces a succession of vertical rows of blue flowers from axillary shoots between June and October.

Habitats
Wet grassland
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Common Name:
Tufted Vetch
Scientific Name:
Vicia cracca
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
vetch and pea family
Family Scientific Name:
Fabaceae

Mentha aquatica

Water Mint

Water Mint is a native perennial growing 15-50 cm in height and produces large quantities of pink-purple flowers between July and October.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Wet grassland
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Height
15 - 50cm
Flowering
Jul - Oct
Common Name:
Water Mint
Scientific Name:
Mentha aquatica
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
mint and dead-nettle family
Family Scientific Name:
Lamiaceae

Viburnum lantana

Wayfaring Tree
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Common Name:
Wayfaring Tree
Scientific Name:
Viburnum lantana
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
elder and allies
Family Scientific Name:
Adoxaceae

Marrubium vulgare

White Horehound

White Horehound is a native perennial herb which grows 15-40 cm in height and flowers irregularly anywhere between June and November, depending on climatic factors. Populations of this nationally scarce species are usually very small and are at high risk of localised extinction.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Soil Moisture
Dry-Moist
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
15 - 40cm
Flowering
Jun - Nov
Common Name:
White Horehound
Scientific Name:
Marrubium vulgare
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
mint and dead-nettle family
Family Scientific Name:
Lamiaceae

Carum verticillatum

Whorled Caraway

Whorled Caraway is a native perennial growing 30-50 cm in height and produces open umbels of white flowers during July and August.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Wet grassland
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
30 - 50cm
Flowering
Jul - Aug
Common Name:
Whorled Caraway
Scientific Name:
Carum verticillatum
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
umbellifer family
Family Scientific Name:
Apiaceae

Angelica sylvestris

Wild Angelica
Habitats
Wet grassland
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Common Name:
Wild Angelica
Scientific Name:
Angelica sylvestris
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
umbellifer family
Family Scientific Name:
Apiaceae

Salvia verbenaca

Wild Clary

Wild Clary is a native perennial growing 15-80 cm in height and produces purple flower spikes between May and August.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
15 - 80cm
Flowering
May - Aug
Common Name:
Wild Clary
Scientific Name:
Salvia verbenaca
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
mint and dead-nettle family
Family Scientific Name:
Lamiaceae

Rubia peregrina

Wild Madder

Wild Madder is a native perennial climber that produces cream flowers between June and August.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Soil Moisture
Dry-Moist
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
30 - 100cm
Flowering
Jun - Aug
Common Name:
Wild Madder
Scientific Name:
Rubia peregrina
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
bedstraw family
Family Scientific Name:
Rubiaceae

Origanum vulgare

Wild Marjoram

Wild Marjoram is a native perennial growing 20-40 cm in height and produces lilac flowers between July and September.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Standard Meadow
Soil Moisture
Dry
Provenance
Glamorgan/Carmarthenshire
Status1
Native
Star Rating
5
Height
20 - 40cm
Flowering
Jul - Sep

mites (2), beetles (6), flies (2), true bugs (5), sawflies, wasps and bees (1), moths (28) and thrips (2).
Common Name:
Wild Marjoram
Scientific Name:
Origanum vulgare
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
mint and dead-nettle family
Family Scientific Name:
Lamiaceae

Reseda lutea

Wild Mignonette

Wild Mignonette is a biennial or short-lived perennial growing 30-70 cm in height and produces erect spikes of cream flowers between June and August.

Longevity
S.L Perennial
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Soil Moisture
Dry-Moist
Provenance
Carmarthenshire
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
30 - 70cm
Flowering
Jun - Aug
Common Name:
Wild Mignonette
Scientific Name:
Reseda lutea
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
mignonette family
Family Scientific Name:
Resedaceae

Allium vineale

Wild Onion

Wild Onion (also known as Crow Garlic) is a native perennial which grows to approximately 30 cm in height and produces clusters of magenta bulbils during June and July. These frequently sprout whilst still attached producing a unique 'inflorescence' of shooting bulbils.

Longevity
Perennial
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
3
Height
30 - 30cm
Flowering
Jun - Jul
Common Name:
Wild Onion
Scientific Name:
Allium vineale
Rank:
Monocots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
lilies and allies
Family Scientific Name:
Liliaceae

Cirsium eriophorum

Woolly Thistle

Woolly Thistle is a native biennial which grows 40-100 cm in height and produces highly attractive globular heads between July and September. The spectacular blooms attract a wide range of insects but the spines are partucularly devilish, so may not be suitable for sites with children.

Longevity
Biennial
Habitats
Dry/Calc spp
Provenance
Glamorgan
Status1
Native
Star Rating
4
Height
40 - 100cm
Flowering
Jul - Sep

beetles (1), flies (6) and moths (1). However, the genus Cirsium as a whole, lists the following: beetles (35), flies (21), bugs (14), moths (34) and thrips (3).
Common Name:
Woolly Thistle
Scientific Name:
Cirsium eriophorum
Rank:
Dicots
Division:
Flowering Plants
Family Vernacular:
aster and thistle family
Family Scientific Name:
Asteraceae